Penn State has just released a new policy on Dual Use Research of Concern (DURC) for researchers working with 15 select agents and toxins. According to U.S. Government Policy, "dual use research of concern" (DURC) is "life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat." At Penn State, DURC is overseen by the Internal Review Entity (IRE), which aims to preserve the benefits of DURC while minimizing the risks of misuse of the knowledge, information, products, or technologies provided by such research. Learn more about DURC at Penn State. Read the new DURC policy.